This guide is meant to offer a brief overview of APA Documentation. If your sources or questions are not covered in this guide, consult The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) located in the Reference section (REF 808.06 P976) or check out the APA website at http://www.apastyle.org.
When using any source, you must credit the author(s). APA uses the author/date style which requires the following information:
There are a number of ways to incorporate this required information. You can include the author’s name and date into the sentence:
Bauer (2005) showed that a “federal agent’s job is never done” (p.5). or
In 2005, Bauer showed that a “federal agent’s job is never done” (p.5).
Or you may place the author’s last name, comma and year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence:
A close look at the life of a federal agent shows that his or hers job is “never done” (Bauer, 2005, p.5).
Most books, journals and materials are cited using the above format, but there are some exceptions:
Multiple Authors (3.95)
For any personal correspondence, cite the work only in the body of the paper. Do not list it on the References page.
J. Seinfeld asserted that we can actually make a lot out of nothing (personal communication, June 1, 2006).
Interviews/Lectures/Phone Conversations (3.102)
During the discussion, the instructor noted that plagiarism was a “real concern” (class lecture, April 13, 2004).
Quotes Within a Source (4.16 B 22)
When one of your sources uses quotes from someone else and you want to use them, you have two main choices:
Browning wrote “`A man’s reach should exceed his grasp’” (as cited in Williams, 1975, p. 201).
Williams has quoted one of Browning’s most famous lines: “A man’s reach should exceed his grasp’” (1975, p. 201).
Although Browning is being quoted, you found the quote in a book by Williams, so the reference listing would look like this:
Williams, T. (1975). Browning’s poetry. New York: HarperCollins.